As per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) 2013-14, the Teacher Pupil ratio in Government schools is 1:29 at primary level and 1:32 at upper primary level.
Persistent teacher vacancies and lack of proper deployment of the available teachers causes adverse teacher pupil ratios in some schools. Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), a total of 19.84 lakh teacher posts have been sanctioned to States/UTs till 2014-15 to improve the Teacher Pupil ratio, out of which 15.06 lakh teachers have been recruited upto 31st March, 2014. States/UTs have been advised to rationalise deployment of teachers and expedite the recruitment of teachers against vacancies, so as to meet the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 norms of the prescribed Teacher Pupil ratio in every school.
This information was given by the Union Minister of HRD, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question today.