Scenario of Indian Higher Education

Scenario of Indian Higher Education

Scenario of Indian Higher Education

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Dr. Hari Krishna Maram

Dr. Hari Krishna Maram
Chairman & Founder CEO
Imperial College, Bangalore

Richest person in China Mr.Jack Ma says, “Please tell your children that the world is changing every day and no one is going to wait for you in the past."

An education system that values creativity is one that makes a deliberate effort to spark thoughtfulness and independent thinking, teaches students how to learn, instills a lifelong love of learning, pushes students to find their own interpretations, and guides the development of a strong moral compass. Creativity in education has to do with a constructivist approach to education, where learning is an active, contextualized process of knowledge construction that builds on prior knowledge, social interaction and authentic tasks, rather than the passive receiving of information.

Presently, there are 750 Degree awarding institutions which include 46 Central Universities, 320 State Universities, 130 Deemed Universities, 200 private universities and about 50 Institutions of National Importance besides about 39,000 Degree Colleges in the country. The seed of Higher Education of India was sow when University of Calcutta, University of Bombay and University of Madras came into existence in 1857. In the country, the number of 30 Universities and 695 Colleges in 1950 has grown up to 750 Universities and other institutions of higher education as of now. The present teacher-student ratio is 1:20. To call a spade, the higher education delivery system is in dismal state and it fails to attract the learners since the current education system is found to churn out only unemployable graduates. Whatever education is offered appears to be purposeless and directionless. Teaching and research are the twin tasks of education delivery system and both are not given due priority by the twin tasks of education delivery system and both are not given due priority by the planners and policy makers. The Universities and Institutes of higher learning are devoid of basic infrastructure, connectivity, transportation, communication and other necessary facilities. It is worth noting that the names of Universities are announced first without giving adequate thoughts and attention to the provisions of infrastructural and other incidental issues.

There is a poor quality of governance since the people remaining responsible for formulating policies and strategies are far from the ground realities. The regulatory bodies of higher education in the country are heavily repressive instead of being supportive. The Universities and Institutions of higher learning are controlled by UGC in particular and government in general. It is a transparent truth that creation of post, fixation of pay, designing syllabi and curricula, allocation of fund etc. are regulated by bureaucratic action.

Oxford, Cambridge, MIT and Harvard are not built overnight but by honest and sincere efforts of the meritorious academicians who are completely independent of bureaucratic influence and because they enjoy academic freedom. World class Universities cannot create without support of sustained research. Moreover University education needs to be linked with the requirement of the industries. A balance needs to be maintained between basic research and applied research. Research means progress, research means socio-economic development and setting up both short term and long term planning and periodic review of the same after due study.


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