The Future of Education in India in a Globalised World

The Future of Education in India in a Globalised World

The Future of Education in India in a Globalised World

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Anoop Swarup

Anoop Swarup

Vice Chancellor Jagran Lakecity University

Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family."
Kofi Annan

Education in a Globalised World

Knowledge coupled with creativity and innovation is the most powerful currency that Universities create and contribute to society and the humankind and define higher education’s purpose, as we address problems that have no borders in an increasingly flat world. In 2010, 3.7 million students travelled abroad in pursuit of higher education while at the same time, research collaborations flourished with more than three-quarters of scientific articles published in international journals were the product of at least two institutions, and one in three articles was authored by a global team.

A significant driver for educational change is population growth and the demographic profile. More than 50% of India’s population is under the age of 25 and by 2020, India will have one of the youngest populations in the world, with an average age of 29 years, and India will outpace China in the next ten years as the country with the largest tertiary-age in 2020. The OECD predicts that in 2020, 200 million of the world’s 25-34 year olds will be university graduates and 40% of these will be from China and India representing a huge proportion of the global talent pool.

No wonder Higher Education generates economic growth as well as individual success. A recent study determined that universities contributed nearly 60 billion pounds to the economy of the United Kingdom in 2007-08. UNESCO reports a 57% increase in the numbers of those studying outside their home countries in just the past decade. The digital age, aspirations are not bound by boundaries as the new knowledge economy is global, and so is the reach of universities. Consider some examples of this growth, collaboration and the opportunities in a rapidly globalising world:

  • The European Union's recently expanded study abroad program, Erasmus, sends hundreds of thousands of students and faculty to 4,000 institutions in 33 countries each year.
  • The international branch campuses with investments in millions of dollars isalready happening— Education City in Doha has six American universities.
  • New York University's new Abu Dhabi campus has students from 39 countries.
  • There are 162 branch campuses of Western universities in Asia and the Middle East—a 43% increase in just three years.
  • Singapore has 90,000 international students as well as a campus of INSEAD, the global business school, and programs with at least four American universities.
  • China has pioneered the most dramatic Higher Education revolution between 1999 and 2005 thatengineered its economic miracle making waves in human history, as the number of degree earners quadrupled—to more than 3 million. China has become the world's largest producer of Ph.D. scientists and engineers.
  • In India, the numbers attending universities doubled in the 1990s, and the demand continues to surge. India's rich demographic dividend may soon be a disaster if the need of at least 800 new institutions of higher education is not met by 2020 in order to raise the age participation ratefrom 12.4% to 30%.

Increase Individual skills and knowledge

Let us examine Culture as – values, assumptions and perceptions instilled early in life – to dictates all aspects of an individual’s behaviour.  At times its influence is subtle, at others its impact is apparent, yet in both cases the effects are far reaching.

The Principles for Good teaching across cultures will: focus on students as learners, respect and adjust for diversity, provide context-specific information and support, facilitate meaningful intercultural dialogue and engagement, be adaptable, flexible and responsive to evidence, prepare students for life in a globalised world.

The Good Practice Principles seek to: capture core ideas from the published research, be specific enough to guide teachers in their practice, be flexible enough to accommodate the variety of different learning and teaching contexts within which teachers and learners work, for example: offshore, onshore, online, in large and small groups. The approach is consistent with Yorke (2012) who writes, ‘… teaching is not a simple matter that can be expressed in a set of rules applicable to all circumstances. Rather, it has to be approached in terms of a set of principles to be applied in a manner appropriate to circumstances’

Technology trends shaping the future of Education 

As a Teacher to discover and be a Door Opener for the students in a rapidly globalising world, it is important to follow the emerging 5 Technological Trends that are shaping the educational landscape in the next few years.

  1. Big Data

Big Data, combined with predictive analytics, has great potential to personalize learning and bring students up to speed in exactly the areas where they’re falling behind.

  1. Virtual and Augmented Reality

The absolute Matrix, ladies and gentlemen, is already there though a really low-level version, but it is here.

As an example of one of AR’s educational applications, the Art gallery, to view each piece through our phone (such as the Samsung VR Gear Handset) to juxtapose the real-life artwork with a complementary piece of art stored in the cloudis possible now.

  1. The Semantic Web and Business Analytics

The web has evolved tremendously since its creation, having moved incrementally from Web 1.0 to where we are today, Web 4.0 and everything is going to be connected.”

  1. Extreme BYOD

The driving force behind the movement of bring your own device (BYOD) is that actually “everybody wants their own individualized workspace.” As educators we need to support students on their BYOD possessions, also helping them make distinctions between their real lives and their digital lives.

  1. Transmedia and Design Thinking

Transmedia storytelling is underutilized in education, as the greatest portal into the multi-universe we have. If used properly, transmedia would give educators and students the opportunity to tell stories in a variety of ways and span the gap between critical thinking and creative thinking, forming a new and exciting “creatical thinking.”

Future Imperative for India:

To my mind, we have all missed the wood for the trees again and again. Post-independence successive governments have never ever seriously attempted or even thought of a surgical strike at the very ‘root and cause of the rot’ be it iliteracy, poverty, corruption, malnutrition, the menace of rapes and degrading of women, religious intolerance, cleanliness drives and law and order issues in our country. There is no other magic wand except to strive for an educated, healthy, technology friendly and merit based classless society that we can ever be able to hope for a better and developed India. Unfortunately, the stark truth has always been lost sight of, that for better citizenry and better deliverance of the much-touted schemes and plans, post every budget has to, first and foremost focus on quality primary education, nourishment and health through good Schools in order to foster better ethics, morals and values in the society for innovation, competition and excellence. This calls for urgent and rapid transformative steps, as has been the case with most progressive countries such as China which lost no time, more than a decade back in remodelling and hiking expenditure on both primary and higher education to be at least 6 % percent of their GDP. Indeed, it is the ‘have nots’ alone, our children particularly the girl child, who remain our country's future and who will be able to secure our destiny, but only with good quality skilling and education in a difficult and disruptive world of tomorrow.

References

  • Hawawini G.(2011, November). The internationalization of higher education institutions: A critical review and a radical proposal(INSEAD Working Paper No. 2011/112/FIN). Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=1954697
  • FICCI Higher Education Summit 2012. Ernst & Young (2012). University of the future:
  • A thousand year old industry on the cusp of profound change.
  • European Commission (2012). Long term unemployment. EEO review. Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development (2009). Facing global and local challenges: the new dynamics for higher education. Sub-regional conference of South, South-West and Central Asia on Higher Education. Government of India,
  • University Grants Commission (2012). Higher education in India at a glance.
  • Horta H. (2009). Global and national prominent universities: Internationalization, competitiveness and the role of the state. Higher Education, 58, 387-405. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-009-9201-5CrossRef
  • 3,Yorke, M 2013, ‘Foreword’ to L Hunt & D Chalmers, (eds), in University teaching in focus: a learning-centred approach, ACER Press, Camberwell, Victoria, p. v.
  • For full list of pending bills: Pre-legislative Research (PRS): www.prsindia.org/downloads/bills-pending-inparliament/

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1 Comments

  1. Dhanappa M Metri
    March 21, 2017 at 20:57
    Reply

    Wonderful article to be read by the stakeholders preparing for the plans based with their practical approach.

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