It is the endeavour of the Central Government to promote and develop all institutions of higher education and bring them at par with global standards. Many of the central institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and Central Universities (CUs) have in fact achieved remarkable successes in terms of quality of teaching, learning and research.
Higher Education is the joint responsibility of the Central and State Governments. While the Central Educational Institutions are adequately funded and maintained by the Central Government, many State Institutions have not been able to receive adequate funding from the State Governments. The Central Government has launched a Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) during the XIIth Plan to enhance funding and incentivize reforms in State Higher Educational Institutions.
Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of RUSA, the overall quality of existing State higher educational institutions is sought to be improved by ensuring their conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adoption of accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework. One of the component of RUSA, which seeks to support and reform the state higher education system, is providing funding for Research, Innovation and Quality improvement based on the State’s Research and Innovation Plan.