Enhancing access, equity and quality in higher education through institutional and policy reforms is continually being undertaken by the Central Government, in consultation with all stakeholders, including State Governments and academics. This information was given by the Minister for Human Resources Development Smt. Smriti Irani in the Rajya Sabha The University Grants Commission(UGC) has made the accreditation of Higher Educational Institutions mandatory, issued regulations for affiliation of colleges to Universities, maintaining standards in Deemed and Private Universities, laid down the minimum qualifications for appointment to teaching positions, minimum standards for grant of first degree, Master’s degree, M.Phil / Ph.D degree, etc for enhancing quality and access in higher education. The UGC has also laid down regulations for promotion of equity and grievance redressal in higher educational institutions.
Further, the Central Government is implementing the Rashtriya Uchhatar Siksha Abhiyan during the XIIth Plan to incentivise reforms in the state higher educational institutions.